Criminal law

Rape Case Can Be Quashed When Accused Married The Victim: Kerala HC

The Kerala High Court has quashed criminal lawsuits in opposition to a rape accused who married the victim. The guy became accused of offenses punishable under Secs.366A, 376 and Secs.Three(a) r/w 4 of the POCSO Act. He approached the High Court, contending that the disputes had been amicably settled between himself and the sufferer he married. A marriage certificate becomes produced before the courtroom, and it becomes submitted. They have got a daughter elderly 4 months now.

The sufferer additionally submitted earlier than the court docket that it will be extra in her hobby that the impugned criminal court cases be quashed, as otherwise their marital life will be positioned into jeopardy, and there could be no person to take care of her as well as her young toddler hardly ever aged 4 months
Justice Alexander Thomas, though located that grave and severe offenses cannot be the subject count number of quashing of the impugned crook complaints at the ground of agreement among the accused and the victim, took notice of judgment by Kerala High Court in Freddy @ Antony Francis & Ors. V. The state of Kerala.

Referring to the stated judgment (through Justice Raja Vijayaraghavan V.), the court located that, where the accused has married the de-facto complainant and that they have decided to settle all the disputes and for the most important cause of the welfare of the de-facto complainant/ sufferer, to make sure her better destiny lifestyles, the High Court in exercising of the greater regular inherent powers below Sec.482 of the Cr.P.C. Should quash the crook complaints on the ground of settlement among the parties in cases wherein the accused has married the de-facto complainant, and the de-facto complainant is insisting on quashing the impugned criminal proceedings, etc.

Allowing the petition, the courtroom discovered that, if the crook lawsuits, in this case, are not quashed, it will detrimentally affect the circle of relatives existence of victim and even the stability and Concord that would be finished through them inside the decision of disputes that once more be irrecoverably misplaced.


Freddy @ Antony Francis Case

In this situation, the accused allegedly caused the ‘sufferer’ to have sex with him at the warranty that he would marry her. The crime changed into registered whilst the girl apprehended that the accused might cross back on his phrase and not marry her. During the pendency of the criminal court cases, the accused and sufferer married each other. They collectively approached the High Court seeking to quash the complaints against the accused. Allowing the petition, the courtroom had observed:

“It is borne out from the declaration recorded by way of the Sub Inspector of Police of the 2nd petitioner that the events were in love and the Crime was registered when the second petitioner became below the influence that the first petitioner would resile from his earlier promise. However, given the following flip of events, she has realized that her apprehension becomes baseless. The parties are dwelling together as husband and spouse. Therefore, there is no case for absolutely everyone that the glory of the second petitioner turned into violated by a wanton act of the first petitioner.

This isn’t always one of these instances wherein the allegations reek of intense depravity, perversity or cruelty. It can’t be said that the offense within the on-the-spot case might fall within the class of offenses that greatly impact society. In the unusual facts of the on-the-spot case, grave complication and inconvenience could be triggered to the 2nd petitioner if the prosecution is allowed to keep.”

Supreme Court Had Said No To Liberal Approach In Such Cases

However, there is a Supreme Court judgment through Justice Dipak Misra, which categorically held that during a case of rape or attempt of rape, the conception of compromise by no means could absolutely be thought of. “Sometimes solace is given that the wrongdoer of the crime has acceded to go into wedlock along with her that’s not anything but adroitly placing strain; and we are saying with emphasis that the Courts are to remain certainly away from this subterfuge to undertake a tender method to the case, for any liberal method needs to be placed inside the compartment of awesome error. Or, to position it differently, it would be inside the realm of a sanctuary of mistakes,” it was located in State of MP vs. Madanlal.

Many High Courts Have Quashed Rape Cases

These 12 months, at least 10 such cases have been quashed with the aid of the Kerala High Court on the ground that the accused has married the victim and that they have settled all the disputes. In March, the Punjab and Haryana High Court had quashed a rape case recording compromise. The Gauhati High Court had additionally quashed crook proceedings towards a ‘rape accused’ who later married the ‘victim,’ observing that possibilities of conviction in the case are bleak given the compromise among the events and marriage.

The Delhi High Court had decreased the sentence of rape convict to the period already he underwent in custody because he married the sufferer. On the other hand, the Calcutta High Court had decreased the sentence presented to a rape accused to ‘the period already gone through,’ contemplating the reality that the prosecutrix and the accused are married (to each other), and feature settled in lifestyles with their kids. The High Court had determined that such a situation appears to be an “adequate and unique reason” for imposing a lesser sentence.

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