This remember of extradition is getting very complex, and I am not positive that mixing it up with the rule of regulation helps.
My ultimate piece at the controversy contained mistakes. So most of the People’s poodles had stated that Lord Patton changed into being inconsistent by means of opposing an extradition arrangement with China when the UK already had one, that I assumed this was true. It isn’t, as a type reader lightly talked about, and the column on HKFP was corrected.
The official Foreign Office line is that person requests for extradition to China are handled on their merits. There is not an extradition treaty.
This brings us to any other factor, that’s that whether there may be a treaty or no longer does no longer with the aid of itself decide whether extradition takes region or now not. I am indebted on this subject matter to a mild-hearted piece in The Guardian about which u. S. To take refuge in if you are the desired person in your own home u. S.
Some nations that have extradition treaties with the United Kingdom are in exercise very reluctant to extradite everyone, some which do not have a treaty are satisfied to cooperate. Some have restrictions of their very own which take priority over the extradition treaty.
The satisfactory-recognized instance of this, to human beings of my technology, concerned Mr. Ronnie Biggs, now deceased. Mr. Biggs participated in the Great Train Robbery, turned into stuck, convicted and sentenced to an extended jail time period.
He escaped from prison and found his manner to Brazil, where he married a local lady. This made him a Brazilian citizen and Brazilian regulation does no longer permit the extradition of its personal residents. So he lived free in Brazil for many years until he succumbed to domestic-sickness and lack of cash in 2001 and went home voluntarily.
The relevance of that is that it shines an unflattering light at the ultra-modern offering from Ronnie Tong, which covered the criticism that the United Kingdom has extradition treaties with “many nations” with worse scores than China on the Rule of Law Index.
This index is produced via a non-authorities corporation known as the World Justice Project, that is like the World Series – extra American than you will assume. Every 12 months it produces a league desk in which countries are ranked in step with their adherence to the rule of thumb of law.
The instant objection to Mr. Tong’s argument flows from this. The Rule of Law Index is updated every year. Extradition treaties, on the other hand, move on forever. The right query isn’t whether or not the United Kingdom has extradition treaties with international locations which score decrease than China, but whether or not it’d sign an extradition treaty with a rustic which, at that point, had a lower rating than China, that’s pretty a distinct matter.
Still, let us have a glance. There are – in step with the UN – 195 countries in the international. The UN does no longer depend on the Pope or Palestine or for that remember Taiwan. Actually, it doesn’t depend on Hong Kong either, however, the Rule of Law Index does.
The Rule of Law Index covers 113 countries. Hong Kong is available in at quantity sixteen; China at number 82. The index ignores about 80 countries. Some of them are very small (Andorra, San Marino), a few might also present realistic difficulties (Iraq, Libya) and some might be politically complicated (Israel). On behalf of my ancestors, I would like to protest on the omission of Ireland. Switzerland seems an odd one to miss, too.
The strangest element about the Index, though, is that in case you take a look at the map model it is very apparent that – in the Caribbean – no island is too small, corrupt or rum-sodden to seem within the index, at the same time as there may be no Pacific island in any respect among New Zealand and the Americas. Maybe there’s the problem of the fee.
To get to Mr. Tong’s factor, in line with the British Foreign Office the UK has extradition preparations with 121 international locations. List here. Not all of those involve separate treaties. Importantly for our functions, former colonies had been included on a blanket foundation by way of the Fugitive Offenders Act 1967.
Of the ones 121 nations with which the United Kingdom has “preparations”, 19 have decreased scores in the Rule of Law Index than China does. Moldova has an identical score however comes after China inside the alphabet. Tough good fortune. Of the ones 19, nine are former colonies whose “arrangement”, dates returned to the 1967 Act. There are most effective 33 nations below China inside the index. Whether 10 or 19, qualifies as “many” on this context I leave as much as you.
The UK does, although seem to have a desire for nations at the top of the rule of thumb of regulation listing. It has arrangements with 27 of the top 30, and range 11 is the UK itself.
Looking on the list of miscreants inside the bottom 30, though, inspires some concerns approximately the index as an entire. I realize that there are severe criticisms to be fabricated from the way the authorities are carried out in places like Mexico, Russia, the Philippines, and Turkey. But are they definitely more lawless than China?